About 45km at the west of Tripoli and at an altitude of 1100 meters you can visit Stemnitsa, a picturesque mountain village which is one of the most beautiful and historic villages of Arkadia and the Peloponnese. Since 1985 it is considered an historic preserved settlement and it is a tourist attraction because of its natural beauty but mainly for its stone mansions, the view on the gorge of Lousios, its cobbled streets, its old churches and its traditional shops. The history of Stemnitsa begins with the name Ipsous until the middle of the 7th century AC. The word Stemnitsa has Slavic roots and means woodland. In history Slavs, Franks and Turks passed the region, but the evolution of the city began during the period of Ottoman Rule. Lots of important families hided here to avoid the conqueror as it is was a mountainous and steep terrain which was difficult to access. It was declared the first capital of the Greek Revolution, while on the 26th May 1821 the First Senate of the Peloponnese was established here. Later on, the long tradition in art metals created the Public School for Goldsmith which introduced rare professions and arts as coppersmiths, blacksmiths and goldsmiths. The village has a rich folklore museum which is housed in the mansion of Hatzis and contains representations of traditional professions, just like the Cultural Center Nikoletopoulios which is housed in a renovated elementary school. On the beautiful central square of the village you can see the belfry of Agios Georgios made of white hewn stones and built in 1877. Next to it there is the beautiful Town Hall of Trikolones. The location of the village between the pine forest and the Gorge of Lousios, and its attractions in the surrounding area make it an ideal place for winter and summer holidays.